Voice of Earth : Didgeridoo
It was while strolling in the bylanes of renowned pilgrimage centre Rishikesh I came across a unique drone tune of a wind Instrument. I curiously banked upon the shopkeeper nearby to know the about unique music being played. He replied it was Didgeridoo..!.The name was indeed a tongue twister and instrument sounded different.!
Didgeridoo is a natural trumpet, with a straight shape, without mouthpiece, used by the north Australian aboriginals. Its name is said to be probably of European origin and is said to be the oldest wind instrument in the world having a history of 1500 years.There are 40 different aboriginals names for this instrument through Australia. Some are bambu, bombo, kambu, pampuu, garnbak, Illpirra, martba, Jiragi, Yiraki and Yidaki.It is made with an eucalyptus branch dug by termites, bare of its bark and where the interiors face are sometimes thinner at each extremity.It can produce a huge variety of different timbres,despite it usually playing on the single note. The Didgeridoo is the sound of Australia. If the earth had a voice it would be the sound of the Didgeridoo
. Made of hollowed out branches from eucalyptus & bamboo trees with Beeswax smeared around at one end to create a mouthpiece, and when the didgeridoo is blown it will soften to form a seal around the player's mouth. Sound levels inside the players mouth can reach 100 decibels, which is as loud as a chain saw.
Many Native Australian cultures used the didgeridoo during their religious ceremonies. The music from the didgeridoo was used to accompany singing and dancing during these rituals and, the instrument could only be played by men. The style of play was passed down from the generations and, this style is still difficult for the western player to replicate. Although women were not encouraged to play the didgeridoo they were able to do so in informal situations.
It wasn't until the 1920's that the term 'didgeridoo' came into widespread use. Its origins stem from Herbert Basedow who was an Australian anthropologist who spent much time living with various Native Australian peoples. He is believed to have named the instrument after the sound that is produced whilst the instrument is being played.
According to the research done by British Medical Journal playing the didgeridoo for 25 minutes a day over a 4 month period can improve breathing during the night and can cure Sleep Apnea, or Obstructive Sleep Apnea, ( Snoring ) is a common sleep disorder in which a person’s breathing momentarily lapses during sleep. The reason behind the didgeridoo’s success as an alternative treatment lies in its promotion of a process known as “circular breathing.” Circular breathing occurs when you breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth at the same time.
“He who has control of his breath also has control over his mind,”
says the Chandogya Upanishad.
It is proven that it is powerful tool that can help lift an individual's vibration back to a less chaotic and natural rhythm. The broad range of harmonics produced by the didgeridoo vibrate in an ancient and universal tone and can be used as a sound therapy or sound healing tool that effects a person on three basic levels. Ultra Sound frequencies , Clearing of Emotional and Energetic Stagnation and Meditation and Mind Body Healing
Certain sound frequencies affect the brain waves in the bodies to the extent that they naturally produce endorphins that stimulate the body to move, such as dancing, creating a happy euphoric state. According to brain research studies other sound frequencies emitted by certain musical instruments produce a state of mental and physical relaxation in the body. The importance of this “relaxation response” as it has been termed by the medical community is that in this “theta” state that is where the deepest healing of the mind and body occurs.
Sound therapy, therefore, is now being used for its healing properties by health care professionals under the category of complementary therapies or integrative medicine. It is said that the didgeridoo is one of the most primordial sounds on the planet. Thus, it has the ability to open memories of the past. The droning sound of the didge is most similar to that of the Hindu and Buddhist chants. Phil Jones, one of Brian's didgeridoo teachers, said that the didge takes him in 10 minutes what used to take two hours with meditation.
Whatever it may be music is a universal language that transcends cultural differences and barriers.Didgeridoo is found in the Indian Sub continent too now.It is popular in Pushkar, Goa, Varanasi and Rishikesh.Manufacturing unit has been set up at Rishikesh ; Uttarakhand recently and is available for the needy to suit the wallet. Even Indian’s are giving a try to learn playing this Instrument.Internationally renowed musical band called ‘ Shoonya’ had performed a musical evening in June 2010 in Bangalore.
Renowed Percussionist and founder of Shoonya – Sound of Music ; Bangalore. Mr.Mohan Gopi says that after the show “ Few Bangaloreans too have fascinated by this unique Instrument and are learning at ease”.
Whatever it may be it reminds us of a popular erstwhile quote of Yehudi Mehunin
“ Music is a therapy. It is a communication far more powerful than words, far more immediate, far more efficient.”